Breast Cancer by far is the most common cause of death in women in the current age. Although, there is inadequacy of knowledge about the actual cause of breast cancer. Therefore, early prevention of the disease remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control.
In this article, I have provided a detailed study of “risk factors” for breast cancer.
Risk Factors For Breast Cancer:
A “risk factor” refers to anything that can increase the chance of developing breast cancer. The risk factors for breast cancer are classified into two categories;
- The risk factors that you can “control” in order to prevent yourself from breast cancer. I.e. weight, alcohol consumption and physical activity.
- Despite this, you are unable to control the development of particular risk factors such as age, family history and medical history.
Once you identify such risk factors then you should immediately consult with your doctor. Be sure to discuss all your possible risk factors for breast cancer. You don’t need to worry about the development of disease too. In most cases, people may detect risk factors but don’t get affected by breast cancer, though.
Still, you should timely consult with your doctor as soon as you recognize any risk factor for breast cancer. It might help you to lower down the risk potential and acquire the advanced prevention plan from your doctor.
Your healthcare mentor also needs to beware of the fact that you are suffering from any sort of risk factor. So they can better understand your level of breast cancer risk. This diagnosis would help them to prescribe or recommend better treatment for your breast cancer such as self-diagnosis or screening.
After realizing the type of risk factor, you will be better able to communicate with your physician about your condition. Therefore, I recommend you to read this article till the end to learn more details about risk factors.
Controllable Risk Factors
Obesity is the primary cause of several diseases in the human body. Similarly, being overweight is also a major factor that can increase the risk of breast cancer. Especially for those women who are going through menopause. After menopause, a woman gains more weight due to increased fat tissues.
When the woman’s ovaries stop producing hormones then these fat tissues become a major source of estrogen after menopause. Higher the fat tissues means increased concentration of estrogen levels. That will ultimately result in breast cancer development.
Therefore, women should strive to keep their BMI (body mass index) level in normal range. They should consume a healthy diet and exercise regularly. It will improve their metabolism and burn excessive body fat.
In fact, The Women’s Health initiative Trial suggested that a diet that contains low fat can effectively reduce the risk factors of breast cancer.
The actual and leading cause of breast cancer is still unknown to scientists. Hence, more research is required to discover the most suitable diet that can help to prevent this malady. However, most dieticians suggest the following diet plan in order to prevent the risk factors of breast cancer.
- Your diet must consist of plenty of green vegetables and fruit (more than 5 cups a day).
- Try to reduce the diet portion that contains saturated fats to less than 10% of your total calorie per day.
- Lower down your fat intake to 30 grams per day.
- Eat food items that are high in omega-3 fatty acids.
- Avoid such a diet that is rich in trans fats, processed meats and charred/ smoked foods.
Once you will start to consume nutritious food then you will surely realize improvement in your body health.
2. Regular Exercise:
According to a recent survey, people who are habitual of regular exercise have more life expectancy. Moreover, many doctors suggest that exercise can contribute a lot to reduce risk potential for breast cancer.
According to, The American Cancer Society, women should engage in 45 to 60 minutes for physical exercise. Simply, you can do exercise for an hour in 5 or more days a week. It will improve your metabolism, burn excessive fats and maintain cholesterol.
3. Alcohol Consumption:
The recent research on breast cancer has revealed that the increased concentration of alcohol is the most common cause of breast cancer. Particularly, women should avoid alcohol consumption to hold themselves back from potential health hazards.
Since, alcohol impacts the liver’s ability to control blood levels of the estrogen hormone negatively. As a result, it increases the chances of breast cancer development. Alongside alcohol consumption, smoking is another health damaging factor that can also cause breast cancer.
4. Excessive Use Of Oral Contraceptive Pills:
According to a study, women who have stopped using oral contraceptives (birth control pills) 10 years ago. They do not appear to have any increased breast cancer risk factor. On the other hand, women who are recently using such pills have slightly increased chances of developing risk for breast cancer.
5. Mental Health Issues:
There is no clear proof that stress and anxiety can boost the occurrence of breast cancer. However, reducing stress and depression can generally improve your physical health. Therefore, you should deal with the daily problems with courage and strength.
Think more about the positive perspectives of your life. Enhance your comfort, joy and satisfaction that can improve your quality of life. You should practice meditation, yoga, visualization exercises and prayer in order to add valuable changes to your daily or weekly routine.
Most physicians suggest that good mental health also boosts the strength of your immune system. Thus, it also lowers down the occurrence of risk factors for breast cancer.
Uncontrollable Risk Factors
Although, every gender can get affected by breast cancer. Since every human has breast muscles, so male and female, can equally develop breast cancer.
However, women breast cells are constantly changing and growing due to the increased presence of estrogen and progesterone. This activity increases their chance of breast cancer development.
Women older than 50 years are at more risk of getting affected by breast cancer. In fact, from age 30 to 39, 1 out of 228 women can suffer from this disease. Even though, at the age of 60, the risk of developing breast cancer jumps to 1 out of 29 women generally.
If your family members, especially a first-degree relative (i.e. mother, sister or daughter) has had breast cancer. Then you could be at greater risk of developing this disease.
Although, if you have multiple relatives who suffered from breast or ovarian cancer before getting older than 50 years, then you might also get affected by the same ailment.
4. Exposure Of Chest To Radiation:
If you ever had radiation therapy to the chest area as a child or young adult as treatment for another cancer significantly. Then it might increase the chances of risk factor for breast cancer.
The increase in risk seems to be highest if the radiation was given while the breasts are in the developing mode (especially during the teenage).
5. Excessive Estrogen:
Excessive estrogen exposure stimulates the breast cell growth. If it is persisted for long periods of time, without any break then it can cause abnormal cell growth in female breasts.
6. Pregnancy And Breast Feeding:
These factors contribute a lot to reduce the overall number of menstrual (periods) cycles in the women’s lifetime. If anything occurs out of the course time, then it can become a major cause of developing cancer in breasts.
Women who have never had a full-term pregnancy after the age of 30, have increased risk of developing breast cancer. Especially, if they continue to breastfeed for 1 and a half to 2 years then they might get exposure of increased risk potentials.
However, for many women, it is neither possible nor practical to pursue breastfeeding for this long time period.
If you have identified any of these risk factors then you should set an appointment with your doctor immediately. It might be possible that you still have not developed cancer in your breasts.
You can also self-diagnose your breasts at home in simple ways. You can learn more details about self-examination for breast cancer from the given link:
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